Zero emissions concept

The modern civilization created by humankind for a prosperous life has consumed plenty of resources and energy and produced a massive amount of waste. As a result, the global environment is deteriorating, and natural ecosystems are about to collapse. To stop further deterioration of the global environment and to make humankind coexist with nature, it is necessary to change our industrial model.

The “Zero Emissions Research and Initiatives” aims to recycle waste as a resource and reduces final waste to zero through multi-industry clusters. Waste can create economic value and reduce environmental impact.

In the natural world, various species are clustered and live without producing any waste. Humanity must also take inspiration from this nature and aim to realize sustainable industrial and social systems.


The Zero Emissions concept started in Japan in 1994. In the same year, at the United Nations University we began to formulate basic ZERI concepts and work on specifics.

Over the years, the movement has spread throughout the world, effectively penetrating enterprises in a short period. To turn the research into action, the ZERI FOUNDATION was set up in Geneva, funded by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), and the Swiss government.